All You Need to Know About Changes to GCSEs
In September 2015, a new-style GCSE was introduced in schools across England. Initially, the new qualification was limited to just three subjects: English language, English literature and maths. First exams for the new GCSEs will take place in summer 2017.
Most other GCSE subjects converted to the new syllabus in September 2016, with first exams due to take place in summer 2018. Any remaining subjects will change from September 2017, with all exams taken from summer 2019 onwards following the new style. For a full timetable of changes, see Ofqual.
So, what’s different about the new qualifications?
- The new qualifications will feature some new topics and more demanding content.
- In the past, GCSEs were divided into modules and students were assessed by module.
Now, the focus will change to final exams covering the whole two-year syllabus, rather than smaller assessments throughout the two years.
- Exams will be the main method of assessment and there’ll be far less coursework, except where skills need to be tested in other ways, like drama, for example.
- The chance to resit exams in November will only be available for English language and maths.
- On the whole, higher- and foundation-tier papers will disappear, with the exception of maths, sciences and modern foreign languages; in these cases, two different exam papers are considered necessary to give students the opportunity to show their knowledge and abilities.
New grading explained
The grading will change from A*-G to 9-1, with 9 being the highest. A wider spread of grades should allow for clearer differentiation between students.
A grade 5 will be considered a ‘good pass’ by the government but, according to Ofqual: ‘the Department for Education does not expect employers, colleges or universities to raise the bar to a grade 5 if a grade 4 would meet their requirements’.
In 2017, the new grading system will be tied to the former grading system so that the same proportion of students will achieve:
- a grade 4 and above as previously achieved a grade C and above
- a grade 7 and above as previously achieved a grade A and above
- a grade 1 and above as previously achieved a grade G and above.
For each exam, the top 20% of those who get grade 7 or above will get a grade 9; a grade reserved for the very highest achievers.
In summer 2017, students will receive a mixture of old style A*-G grades, with English language, English literature and maths graded 9-1. By summer 2019, all exams will be marked 9-1.
What does this mean for the future?
This year, in the main, it looks like universities are asking for a minimum grade 4 in GCSE English language and maths to move on to degrees. Some of this may be down to caution around how students will fare under the tougher system; it is possible that 5 will be seen as the new C in a year or two.
Requirement to resit
From academic year 2019/2020, 16-18 year old students will be expected to resit GCSE English language and maths post-16 if they achieve below a grade 5. Until that date, students will be expected to resit if they achieve below a grade 4.
What’s happening across the rest of the UK?
GCSEs in Wales are also being reformed with the first wave sitting exams from November 2017. These exams will no longer be comparable with GCSEs in England.
In Northern Ireland, change is afoot too, with new GCSEs being introduced from September 2017. The A*-G grading system will remain.
If you want to find out about how A levels have changed, see our article, A Level Reform.
© Cerys Evans, January 2017